People who suffer from panic attacks often experience moments of sudden fear or paranoia that something bad is likely to occur. Those who suffer from extreme panic attacks often require some treatment and support in order to help remove and alleviate these sudden surges of negative emotions. While psychotherapy is an important part of treatment for panic attack, other options exist to help complement it. Treatment for panic attack vary in effectiveness per person because often, panic attacks have no obvious triggers that are common to all those who suffer from it.
There are treatments for panic attacks aside from psychotherapy that serve as alternatives and complements. These are usually therapeutic procedures applied once a person is found to have a propensity towards panic attacks. While causes of panic attacks and what specific things and situations are identified as definite triggers, there are some symptoms that help signal a panic attack. Indicators include hot flushes or chills accompanied by chest pains, palpitations, numbness of hands, dizziness, breathing difficulties, and nausea.
A possible treatment for panic attack that complements psychotherapy is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Using this treatment, behavior towards dealing with panic is normalized to the point that the mind is conditioned to deal proactively with panic to avoid a panic attack. Techniques that are employed include breathing exercises to help the muscles relax. Aside from trying to control physical manifestations of the beginnings of a panic attack, a patient also undergoes counseling to reassure him or her that fears are unfounded and will not yield to a great harm.
The fact that cognitive-behavioral therapy combines mental reassurance and physical relaxation methods is one of the reasons why it is an effective treatment for panic attack. This combination of mental and physical techniques reduces and eventually eliminates the occurrence of panic attacks.
In some patients with severe panic attacks and find psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy insufficient, medications such as antidepressants are usually prescribed. An example of an antidepressant medication prescribed by doctors is Tofranil. This treatment for panic attack helps in reducing anxieties and minimizes the occurrences of panic attacks. Patients generally respond to antidepressants and they find comfort in knowing that they are taking medications for treatment of panic attack.
Popular medicines like Prozac, Zoloft, Lexapro, Celexa, and Paxil act as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, and are often prescribed by doctors. They act as primary medications for the treatment for panic attack not only because of how effective they are, but because their popularity makes them readily available in pharmacies.
Anti-anxiety medications such as Ativan, Xanax and Klonopin are prescribed at the start of medication therapy. When using medications for treating panic attack, it always best to start with the lowest possible dose and gradually increase depending upon the patient’s need.